Countee Cullen Spoke of Baltimore

Countee Cullen  was believed to have been born on this day in 1903 (although, some historians say he was born on March 30, 1903).  Some accounts list Cullen’s birthplace as Baltimore, while others list it as Harlem, New York.image

In any event, one can assume, from Cullen’s writings, that he had an intimate understanding of Baltimore…

So, in honor of the birthday of the great poet, Countee Cullen, I ask that you read what he had to say in his poem, “Incident.”


Incident

Once riding in old Baltimore, 

Heart-filled, head-filled with glee, 

I saw a Baltimorean 

Keep looking straight at me. 


Now I was eight and very small, 

And he was no whit bigger, 

And so I smiled, but he poked out 

His tongue, and called me, ‘Nigger.’


I saw the whole of Baltimore 

From May until December; 

Of all the things that happened there 

That’s all that I remember.


by Countee Cullen

Help Me Pay It Forward

  

In 1970, I graduated from Bennett College For Women. Bennett College encouraged me to explore, grow and spread my wings.  It served as a solid foundation that enabled me to earn a Professional Degree from The University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill in 1973 and to enjoy a fulfilling  career as a librarian, dedicated to expanding the knowledge-base of people of all races, faiths, professions and beliefs.

Now, forty-five (45) years later, I need your help to ensure that Bennett College can continue to send other young women forward to make a difference in the world.

What the world needs now is educated women (and men) who know who they are and who will work for the good of all humanity. Bennett has a history of producing just such graduates. Please give so that Bennett College for Women can continue  to achieve its mission of educating compassionate, committed women of excellence.

I am requesting donations in multiples of 45 to commemorate my 45th anniversary.

Please give:

–$4.50   –$45.00   –$450.00   –$4500.00

–Other ($           )

Please know that all contributions will be greatly appreciated.

contributions may be sent directly to:

Bennett College, Office of Alumnae Affairs, 900 E. Washington Street, Greensboro, N.C. 27401. Please put my name in the memo section of your check.             

Donations may also be made directly from GoFundMe.com/BennettCollege

 

Thank you. 

Jannifer English McAdoo

#SELMA50

RAMS with #Handsup push Joe Scarborough into a tailspin

Source: http://thecount.com/wp-content/uploads/St.-Louis-Rams-Stage-HANDS-UP-DONT-SHOOT

Prior to yesterday’s game between the Saint Louis Rams and the Oakland Raiders, several Rams offensive players entered the stadium with their hands up, mimicking the stance that some witnesses claim #MichaelBrown adopted prior to being fatally shot by Officer Darren Wilson.

This morning, Joe Scarborough of “Morning Joe” was on a rant.   He questioned how the Saint Louis Rams ( by implication, anyone) would choose to make a hero out of #Michael Brown who was clearly a “thug.”  It seems to me that  #MichaelBrown would have needed to be arrested, charged with a crime and convicted before one could say, with any authority, that #MichaelBrown was a “thug.”  Officer Wilson denied #MichaelBrown the right of a fair trial, so the world will never know if #MichaelBrown would have been found guilty of robbing a store and assaulting a police officer.  #MichaelBrown’s side of the story has been forever silenced.  One cannot say that the Rams football players did or did not come onto the field with #Handsup because they saw #MichaelBrown as a hero.  Perhaps, they simply saw a black teenager denied due process under the law.  Although I am not a lawyer, it is my understanding that even hardened criminals, in this country, should be accorded certain rights and protections.

Joe Scarborough ended his rant by saying that while most people will not say it publicly, 95% of people agree with him. I’m tempted to use my mother’s words — “if 95% of the people jumped off a bridge would you join them”? –but I won’t.  Instead, I will say that things often look different from a distance.

In 1967 Muhammad Ali opposed the Vietnam War and refused to be inducted into the United States Army on religious grounds.  Muhammad Ali claimed a religious exemption because he is a Muslim. Ali was initially convicted of draft evasion, sentenced to prison, fined and banned from boxing.  I would venture to say that 98% of Americans (including many in the largely Christian African-American population) agreed with the government’s harsh treatment of Ali. After all, he was not a Christian.  He was not even a Quaker.  So, who was he to refuse to serve in the military?  However, after reviewing the cascade of body bags, the dark days of anti-war protests (especially, the Kent State Massacre), and, finally, the Pentagon Papers; public opinions changed, as did government policy. I think Joe Scarborough would be hard-pressed to find anyone, looking back, who does not respect Ali for acting according to his conscience.

At the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico, two Black American Olympic medalists, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, stood on a podium, bowed their heads and raised their fists in the air,  giving the Black Power salute during the playing of the National Anthen.  This gesture of solidarity with Black Americans who were fighting for equality back home in the United States cost these athletes dearly. Millions of white Americans were offended by this act.  These two athletes could have followed the example of the great Jesse Owens, who won four gold medals at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany and greatly offended, I’m sure, Adolph Hitler by doing so.  Jesse Owens made no outward sign or gesture to show how he felt about racism or the fact that Blacks and Jews were treated differently (i.e., Hitler sought to exclude them from the games).  Jesse Owens’ only response to Hitler’s claim of Aryan supremacy was to debunk the theory of Aryan superiority on the track.  Reportedly, Jesse Owens did not receive the same congratulations from President Roosevelt as was accorded other American athletes returning home from the Olympics.  Still, there is no record of Owens acting to draw attention to the his reality.

It seems to me that the times dictate ones response to perceived racism.  Tommie Smith and John Carlos chose to bow their heads in acknowledgement of the Star Spangled Banner, while raising their fists in the popular Black Power Salute.  They knew Jesse Owens.  They must have known the racism he encountered.  They certainly must have experienced racism in their own lives and understood the struggles of Black Americans who were not standing there with them on the podium.  As a young college student in 1968, I appreciated the internal struggles that Smith and Carlos must have experienced — wanting to support the struggle for racial equality at home while pursuing their quest for the gold.  They did not burn any buildings or commit any crimes, but they gave us a sign that we recognized.  Their fists let us know that they cared.

It seems to me that the Saint Louis Rams players are standing on broad shoulders.  Joe Scarborough and 95% of his viewers may be offended.  This is not the first time that a lot of people were offended.  It will not be the last.  The majority can be wrong.  One’s conscience cannot be dictated by majority vote.  An act of conscience must be the result of one’s moral compass.  Others may not understand until they look back from a distance.

The Puzzle: “Darren Wilson told investigators he was trapped in his car by Brown, New York Times reports”

Darren Wilson told investigators he was trapped in his car by Brown, New York Times reports.

I find the leaks coming out of  the Ferguson grand jury that has been meeting to determine if charges should be brought against Officer  Darren Wilson for the shooting death of unarmed teenager Michael Brown puzzling.  Many people seem puzzled as to the source of the leaks.  As a news junkie, rather than a lawyer, I consider the source of the leaks less relevant than the content of the leaks.  Yes, I know the Ferguson grand jury proceedings are supposed to be conducted with utmost secrecy so as to insure “confidence” in the system (something like the trust insured by a jury of your peers or the transparency of The Sunshine Laws). Nonetheless, I am not puzzled by the fact that there were leaks, nor by the identity of the leaker. Rather, I am puzzled by the information that was leaked.

I am puzzled by The New York Times report that Officer Wilson testified that Michael Brown reached into the patrol car, punched the officer in the face and scratched his neck, while reaching with his right hand for the officer’s weapon.  I am puzzled by this.  Where was the officer’s weapon when Michael Brown reached into the car? Was the weapon in the officer’s holster on his hip, in the seat next to him, on the dashboard, in the officer’s hand?  I find the visuals to be confusing. If the gun was not already in the officer’s hand, why was the officer unable to use his hand to fend off Michael Brown or punch him in the face? If the officer’s hand was empty, why was he unable to subdue the teenager?  I am puzzled because it seems that a trained law enforcement officer, Officer Darren Wilson, lost an arm wrestling match with a teenager.

I am puzzled. The first leaked reports about the alleged injuries sustained  by Officer Wilson asserted that the police officer suffered major injuries, including a broken or fractured eye socket.  According to Snopes.com, reports that Officer Wilson suffered a broken facial bone and fractured eye socket are false. As a matter of fact, according to Snopes.com, images of Jim McNeil, a motocross rider injured in 2006, were circulated through social media to prove that Officer Darren Wilson had been seriously injured by Michael Brown.  Since that was all false, I am puzzled as to the true extent of Officer Wilson’s injuries.

I am puzzled because in leaked reports of Officer Wilson’s testimony to the grand jury, Officer Wilson states that he feared for his life.  I am puzzled as to when the officer feared for his life.  Was he fearful when the teenager turned and ran away?  Did Officer Wilson call for backup before exiting the patrol car?  Was Officer Wilson’s use of deadly force warranted by the circumstances?

I am puzzled. Did Officer Wilson file an incident report on August 9, 2014, the day he killed Michael Brown?  Had Officer Wilson filed a report of the incident by the following week, or the following month? If not, why not?

I am puzzled as to why Missouri Governor Nixon feels the need to appoint a Ferguson Commission to Address Inequality.  If the Governor is aware that there are problems of inequality, why did he not address the inequalities in the judicial system by appointing an independent prosecutor to handle the Darren Wilson case, especially in light of prosecuting attorney Robert McCulloch’s conflict of interest?

I am puzzled.